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View more maps that show the flows and sources of some different areas of the carceral archipelago.
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Statistics
Get a closer look at the statistics for some of the colonies and transportation circuits.

Expert Essays // View All

In the early seventeenth century, the Danish-Norwegian state took increased control of the machinery of punishment. This meant the institution of new forms of penal labour directly tied to the ambitions of the Danish rulers who presided over a vast, but scattered and thinly populated empire …

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Between 1787 and 1868 over 160,000 convict men, women and children were transported to Australia. The largest forced exile of citizens in modern history.

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The Transportation of Indigenous Australian Convicts to Rottnest Island Prison, 1839-1903. The first shipment of prisoners landed in August 1838.

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From 1593 and ending in 1988 Russian heads of state used forced exile (ssylka) and hard labor (katorga) as the preferred methods for punishing criminals.

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Au XIXe siècle, en France, l’envoi aux colonies était conçu comme une forme de punition. Cet envoi résultait de diverses mesures, de natures juridiques différentes et dont l’emploi a été très variable – certaines ont été mises en œuvre très ponctuellement, d’autres massivement pendant de très longues périodes. Il y avait ainsi des peines judiciaires, […]

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