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Read more about convicts and penal colony sites.
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View more maps that show the flows and sources of some different areas of the carceral archipelago.
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Get a closer look at the statistics for some of the colonies and transportation circuits.

Expert Essays // View All

История колонии ( bagne ) Новой Каледонии переплетена с тем из другого, более печально французская колония : Французская Гвиана.

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Остров Сахалин, по своему контуру напоминающий огромного осетра, занимающий 30 тысяч квадратных миль и расположенный к северу от Японии, использовался царским правительством в качестве каторжной колонии с 1868 по 1905 гг.

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Penal transportation to and within Latin America in the late colonial period mainly consisted of exile and deportation to military outposts (presidios).

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Van Diemen’s Land was the name used by Europeans for the large island of Tasmania, located off the southern coast of the Australian mainland.

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In the early seventeenth century, the Danish-Norwegian state took increased control of the machinery of punishment. This meant the institution of new forms of penal labour directly tied to the ambitions of the Danish rulers who presided over a vast, but scattered and thinly populated empire …

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