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View more maps that show the flows and sources of some different areas of the carceral archipelago.
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Statistics
Get a closer look at the statistics for some of the colonies and transportation circuits.

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1881年から1908年まで、ボアソナード起草による刑法の下、北海道は日本で唯一の流刑植民地であった。近代日本における地政学的な位置づけから、北海道はしばしば「内国植民地」と呼ばれてきた。この用語は字義通りにはinternal colonyと訳される。しかしながら、その概念はポストコロニアル的課題としてのinternal colonyとは異なる。

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In France in the nineteenth century, being sent to the colonies was considered a form of punishment. People were sent there following various measures.

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Before Captain James Cook named the Norfolk Island during his second Pacific voyage, the island was home to Polynesian Islanders.

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The Dutch East India Company had its own internal network of penal transportation. Criminals were sent from Batavia to other settlements as convicts sentenced to hard labor or banished to fend for themselves.

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Napoléon III décida d’organiser la peine des travaux forcés aux colonies, précisément en Guyane.

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