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Expert Essays
Read more about convicts and penal colony sites.
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Maps
View more maps that show the flows and sources of some different areas of the carceral archipelago.
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Statistics
Get a closer look at the statistics for some of the colonies and transportation circuits.

Expert Essays // View All

The Transportation of Indigenous Australian Convicts to Rottnest Island Prison, 1839-1903. The first shipment of prisoners landed in August 1838.

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Остров Сахалин, по своему контуру напоминающий огромного осетра, занимающий 30 тысяч квадратных миль и расположенный к северу от Японии, использовался царским правительством в качестве каторжной колонии с 1868 по 1905 гг.

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In the early seventeenth century, the Danish-Norwegian state took increased control of the machinery of punishment. This meant the institution of new forms of penal labour directly tied to the ambitions of the Danish rulers who presided over a vast, but scattered and thinly populated empire …

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Au XIXe siècle, en France, l’envoi aux colonies était conçu comme une forme de punition. Cet envoi résultait de diverses mesures, de natures juridiques différentes et dont l’emploi a été très variable – certaines ont été mises en œuvre très ponctuellement, d’autres massivement pendant de très longues périodes. Il y avait ainsi des peines judiciaires, […]

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The 30,000 square-mile, sturgeon-shaped island located directly north of Japan, served as a maximum-security tsarist prison between 1868 and 1905.

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