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Expert Essays
Read more about convicts and penal colony sites.
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View more maps that show the flows and sources of some different areas of the carceral archipelago.
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Get a closer look at the statistics for some of the colonies and transportation circuits.

Expert Essays // View All

While much has been written about French navigation and colonial settlement in America, few authors have dwelt on the carceral dimensions underlying these attempts. This is the case, among others, for the third and last expedition of Jacques Cartier and of J-F de La Rocque de Roberval from 1541 to 1543, which included a large […]

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The history of the penal colony (bagne) of New Caledonia is interwoven with that of another, more infamous French penal colony: French Guiana.

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The attempt to construct a prison in Zanzibar draws together important themes in the history of empire, incarceration and mobility.

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Between 1787 and 1868 over 160,000 convict men, women and children were transported to Australia. The largest forced exile of citizens in modern history.

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En la segunda mitad del siglo XVIII el imperio español incluía los siguientes territorios: España peninsular; los puestos militares norteafricanos de Ceuta, Melilla, Alhucemas y El Peñón de Vélez; Cuba, Santo Domingo y Puerto Rico; el Virreinato de Nueva España, incluyendo el actual México, California, Nuevo México y Filipinas; el Virreinato de Nueva Granada, que […]

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