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Expert Essays
Read more about convicts and penal colony sites.
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Maps
View more maps that show the flows and sources of some different areas of the carceral archipelago.
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Statistics
Get a closer look at the statistics for some of the colonies and transportation circuits.

Expert Essays // View All

Nella Francia dell’Ottocento, l’invio nelle colonie era considerato come una forma di pena. Si veniva mandati lí per effetto di varie misure, anche di natura penale, applicate in maniera piú o meno sistematica. Alcune di queste disposizioni furono implementate raramente, mentre altre vennero utilizzate su scala di massa e per lunghi periodi di tempo. Tra […]

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Penal transportation to and within Latin America in the late colonial period mainly consisted of exile and deportation to military outposts (presidios).

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The largest island in Sydney harbour, where the Parramatta River meets the Tasman Sea. Called Waramah in the language of the Eora.

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In France in the nineteenth century, being sent to the colonies was considered a form of punishment. People were sent there following various measures.

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Convict transportation was an extensive system which many European countries and their colonies used as a form of punishment for criminals.

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