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View more maps that show the flows and sources of some different areas of the carceral archipelago.
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Get a closer look at the statistics for some of the colonies and transportation circuits.

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История колонии ( bagne ) Новой Каледонии переплетена с тем из другого, более печально французская колония : Французская Гвиана.

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Penal transportation to and within Latin America in the late colonial period mainly consisted of exile and deportation to military outposts (presidios).

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From 1593 and ending in 1988 Russian heads of state used forced exile (ssylka) and hard labor (katorga) as the preferred methods for punishing criminals.

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Napoléon III décida d’organiser la peine des travaux forcés aux colonies, précisément en Guyane.

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Nella Francia dell’Ottocento, l’invio nelle colonie era considerato come una forma di pena. Si veniva mandati lí per effetto di varie misure, anche di natura penale, applicate in maniera piú o meno sistematica. Alcune di queste disposizioni furono implementate raramente, mentre altre vennero utilizzate su scala di massa e per lunghi periodi di tempo. Tra […]

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