In France in the nineteenth century, being sent to the colonies was considered a form of punishment. People were sent there following various measures.
Nella Francia dell’Ottocento, l’invio nelle colonie era considerato come una forma di pena. Si veniva mandati lí per effetto di varie misure, anche di natura penale, applicate in maniera piú o meno sistematica. Alcune di queste disposizioni furono implementate raramente, mentre altre vennero utilizzate su scala di massa e per lunghi periodi di tempo. Tra […]
Durante el período colonial tardío y después de la Independencia de las Repúblicas de España (aproximadamente entre 1810 y 1830) las islas de América Latina se utilizaron repetidamente como sitios de castigo y exilio para reos comunes y perseguidos políticos; la elite y la no elite; y, casi sin excepción, presos masculinos. Los principales objetivos […]
Lying on important East India Company trading routes in the Bay of Bengal, the British first colonized the Andamans in 1793.
Between 1787 and 1857, the East India Company (EIC) instituted radical changes in punishment, across the presidencies of Bengal, Bombay and Madras
Between 1787 and 1868 over 160,000 convict men, women and children were transported to Australia. The largest forced exile of citizens in modern history.
The Dutch East India Company had its own internal network of penal transportation. Criminals were sent from Batavia to other settlements as convicts sentenced to hard labor or banished to fend for themselves.
In 1823, an Act of Parliament authorized the sending of convicts to any colony designated by the King. This opened up Bermuda as a destination for convicts.
Si beaucoup de choses ont été dites au sujet des voyages d’exploration et des colonies de peuplement des Français en Amérique, peu d’auteurs se sont attardés aux dimensions carcérales qui les sous-tendent. C’est le cas entre autres, de la troisième et dernière expédition de Jacques Cartier et de J-F de La Rocque de Roberval de […]
“Barbadose’d” began under James I (1566-1625) as part of an initiative to relocate the poor, vagrant or criminal to places in the new empire.
In China exile was almost always internal and involved removal within the frontiers of the state, not beyond. This essay focuses on Qing China (1644-1912).
The largest island in Sydney harbour, where the Parramatta River meets the Tasman Sea. Called Waramah in the language of the Eora.
The attempt to construct a prison in Zanzibar draws together important themes in the history of empire, incarceration and mobility.
In the early seventeenth century, the Danish-Norwegian state took increased control of the machinery of punishment. This meant the institution of new forms of penal labour directly tied to the ambitions of the Danish rulers who presided over a vast, but scattered and thinly populated empire …
While much has been written about French navigation and colonial settlement in America, few authors have dwelt on the carceral dimensions underlying these attempts. This is the case, among others, for the third and last expedition of Jacques Cartier and of J-F de La Rocque de Roberval from 1541 to 1543, which included a large […]
Napoleon III decided to establish the sentence of hard labour not within France, but in the colonies, specifically, in French Guyana.
As the essays on this website make abundantly clear, the practice of convict transportation was intertwined with, and largely dependent upon, the development of modern imperialism. The overwhelming majority of transported convicts were either being moved from a metropolis to a colony, or moved between different colonies or otherwise subaltern areas controlled by the same […]
En la segunda mitad del siglo XVIII el imperio español incluía los siguientes territorios: España peninsular; los puestos militares norteafricanos de Ceuta, Melilla, Alhucemas y El Peñón de Vélez; Cuba, Santo Domingo y Puerto Rico; el Virreinato de Nueva España, incluyendo el actual México, California, Nuevo México y Filipinas; el Virreinato de Nueva Granada, que […]
1881-1908, under the penal code by French jurist Boissonade, Hokkaido was Japan’s only penal colony. Often called Naikoku shokuminchi, “internal colony.”
Au XIXe siècle, en France, l’envoi aux colonies était conçu comme une forme de punition. Cet envoi résultait de diverses mesures, de natures juridiques différentes et dont l’emploi a été très variable – certaines ont été mises en œuvre très ponctuellement, d’autres massivement pendant de très longues périodes. Il y avait ainsi des peines judiciaires, […]
Napoléon III décida d’organiser la peine des travaux forcés aux colonies, précisément en Guyane.
Penal transportation to and within Latin America in the late colonial period mainly consisted of exile and deportation to military outposts (presidios).
The history of the penal colony (bagne) of New Caledonia is interwoven with that of another, more infamous French penal colony: French Guiana.
The first fleet set off from Portsmouth for New Holland (as Australia was known) on 13 May 1787 under the command of Captain Arthur Phillip.
Before Captain James Cook named the Norfolk Island during his second Pacific voyage, the island was home to Polynesian Islanders.
The utility of overseas developments to the mother country as a depository for deviants and the poor was a factor in policy and propaganda.
The Portuguese use of convicts extended from the origins of the country’s founding in the High Middle Ages (ca. 1150) to 1932 or roughly 800 years.
The English East India Company (EIC) made a brief attempt to send convicts to Robben Island in 1615, but it was the Dutch who transformed it into a prison.
The Transportation of Indigenous Australian Convicts to Rottnest Island Prison, 1839-1903. The first shipment of prisoners landed in August 1838.
From 1593 and ending in 1988 Russian heads of state used forced exile (ssylka) and hard labor (katorga) as the preferred methods for punishing criminals.
The 30,000 square-mile, sturgeon-shaped island located directly north of Japan, served as a maximum-security tsarist prison between 1868 and 1905.
Penal transportation in the late eighteenth-century Spanish empire had two important peculiarities that differentiated it from other empires.
Van Diemen’s Land was the name used by Europeans for the large island of Tasmania, located off the southern coast of the Australian mainland.
Convict transportation was an extensive system which many European countries and their colonies used as a form of punishment for criminals.
История колонии ( bagne ) Новой Каледонии переплетена с тем из другого, более печально французская колония : Французская Гвиана.
Остров Сахалин, по своему контуру напоминающий огромного осетра, занимающий 30 тысяч квадратных миль и расположенный к северу от Японии, использовался царским правительством в качестве каторжной колонии с 1868 по 1905 гг.