Abashiri

Circuit: Japan

These figures represent the standing no. of convicts at any one time, and the overall totals, not the number of convicts sent to the colonies in any given year.

Data Available:

  • Standing Numbers

Angola

Yearly flow of transported convicts

Data Available:

  • Flow of Convicts

Bermuda

Circuit: Bermuda

After pardon or release, convicts were not allowed to settle in Bermuda. Most convicts returned to England or Ireland.

Data Available:

  • Flow of Convicts
  • Standing Numbers

Cape Verde

Yearly flow of transported convicts

Data Available:

  • Flow of Convicts

French Guiana

Circuit: French Empire

These figures denote the numbers of convicts arrived in French Guiana in each given year.

Data Available:

  • Flow of Convicts
  • Standing Numbers

Gibraltar

Data Available:

  • Flow of Convicts
  • Standing Numbers

Guiné

Yearly flow of transported convicts

Data Available:

  • Flow of Convicts

India (Portuguese circuit)

Yearly flow of transported convicts

Data Available:

  • Flow of Convicts

Kabato

Circuit: Japan

These figures represent the standing no. of convicts at any one time, and the overall totals, not the number of convicts sent to the colonies in any given year.

Data Available:

  • Standing Numbers

Kushiro

Circuit: Japan

These figures represent the standing no. of convicts at any one time, and the overall totals, not the number of convicts sent to the colonies in any given year.

Data Available:

  • Standing Numbers

Mauritius

Circuit: Mauritius

Most of the convicts, to Mauritius, came from the Bengal and Bombay presidencies of India, with just 18 from Ceylon.

The standing figures represent the number of convicts in Mauritius in each year, not the number of convicts sent to Mauritius annually.

Data Available:

  • Flow of Convicts
  • Standing Numbers

Mozambique

Yearly flows of transported convicts

Data Available:

  • Flow of Convicts

New Caledonia

Circuit: French Empire

Number of convicts in New Caledonia by year.

Data Available:

  • Standing Numbers

New South Wales

Circuit: British Empire

Data Available:

  • Flow of Convicts

Norfolk Island

Circuit: British Empire

Data Available:

  • Flow of Convicts
  • Standing Numbers

Russian Empire

Flow numbers:Exile transportation(both men and women) through Main Exile Path to Eastern, Western Siberia and the Far East(flow), including voluntary following members of exile families.

Standing Numbers: number of transported exiles, residing in Siberia, as of 1st January of given year.

Data Available:

  • Flow of Convicts
  • Standing Numbers

Sakhalin Penal Colony

Circuit: Russian Empire

Total number of exiles sent from Odessa to Vladivostok and Sakhalin.

Data Available:

  • Flow of Convicts
  • Standing Numbers

São Tomé & Principe

Yearly flow of transported convicts

Data Available:

  • Flow of Convicts

Sorachi

Circuit: Japan

These figures represent the standing no. of convicts at any one time, and the overall totals, not the number of convicts sent to the colonies in any given year.

Data Available:

  • Standing Numbers

The Andaman Islands

Circuit: The Andaman Islands

Transportation to the Andaman Islands 1858 to 1939.
Number of convicts remaining at end of a year from 1858 to 1939.

Data Available:

  • Flow of Convicts
  • Standing Numbers

Tokachi

Circuit: Japan

These figures represent the standing no. of convicts at any one time, and the overall totals, not the number of convicts sent to the colonies in any given year.

Data Available:

  • Standing Numbers

USSR – Soviet corrective-labor camps

Data Available:

  • Flow of Convicts
  • Standing Numbers

USSR-‘special settlements’

Data Available:

  • Flow of Convicts
  • Standing Numbers

Van Diemen’s Land

Circuit: British Empire

Data Available:

  • Flow of Convicts
  • Standing Numbers

Western Australia

Circuit: British Empire

These figures represent the number of convicts landed in Western Australia in each year. All the convicts were men.

Data Available:

  • Flow of Convicts