Gibraltar

Flows numbers:

Notes: These figures represent the total number of convicts received in Gibraltar in each given year. All the convicts were men. They include convicts sent from England and Ireland (as they are not always differentiated in the statistics, they are noted above as ‘metropolitan’), British soldiers convicted in Gibraltar (noted above as ‘garrison’), and Spaniards convicted in British territory (noted above as ‘local’). During 1869-71, 355 convicts were transferred to Gibraltar from the penal establishments of Chatham, Portsmouth, Portland and Brixton. They are included in the figures above (noted as ‘English transfers’ – 1869 = 250; 1870 = 80; 1871 = 25).

 

Source: Annual Reports on the Convict Establishments at Bermuda and Gibraltar (London: George E. Eyre and William Spottiswoode, 1859-63); Reports of the Directors of Convict Prisons on the Discipline and Management of … the Convict Establishments at Gibraltar … (London: George E. Eyre and William Spottiswoode, 1864-1875); The National Archives, London, CO91 (Gibraltar) series, 1842-65. The later records in The National Archives and the Parliamentary Papers include substantial and detailed statistical information on convict work, health, punishment etc. Medical journals for some of the voyages can be found in The National Archives ADM101 series.

 

Standing numbers:

Notes: These figures represent the no. of convicts remaining in Gibraltar on 31 December of each given year.

 

Source: Annual Reports on the Convict Establishments at Bermuda and Gibraltar (London: George E. Eyre and William Spottiswoode, 1859-63); Reports of the Directors of Convict Prisons on the Discipline and Management of … the Convict Establishments at Gibraltar … (London: George E. Eyre and William Spottiswoode, 1864-1875).

Clare Anderson